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Multiplying by 10s | Free Printables

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Sometimes it is fun to get in some math work with low-prep worksheets that have a little bit of logic involved. This simple sheet gets our children practicing multiplying by 10s, but with a little twist. While multiplying is fun, it becomes very easier when you are multiplying a certain value with 10s.

It’s all about adding zeros after multiplying by 10s. If you are multiplying by one 10 then you will need to add a single zero in the result. The more tens you are multiplying, the more zeroes you will need. For example, multiplying by four 10s will require you to add four zeros. These worksheets don’t require any prep. Just simply print and go.


Teaching Multiplying By 10s with Simple Block Game

Before you begin any type of practice, it is important for children to understand and visualize the math they are doing. One way to do this is to get out those base ten blocks and let your students work out a few problems.


Activity 1. Measuring Different Values

Start with what they know. What is 10 x 2? Most children can jump right in and say it is 20. But have them show it to you with their base ten blocks. We know that a long equals 10, so now we just have to get out 2 longs…..and 2 longs equals 20.

Multiplying 3 Units by 10

But what if we changed that 2 to a 20???? Ask your children to solve that problem with base ten blocks, and once they get out 20 longs, they will see that they have 200.

Multiplying 20 Units by 10


Activity 2. Calculating Values in Group

Now let’s try 20 x 3. This time we will make 3 groups and put 2 longs in each group. How many do we have? That’s right! 60!!!!

Multiplying Values by 10 After Dividing Them into 3 Groups

And if you really want to challenge your children, let them partner up and do 20 x 30. That is thirty groups with 2 longs in each group, and of course, when they are finished they will have a total of 600.


Activity 3. Multiplying by 10s Candy Game

Suppose your little ones want to buy 50 candies for his class party. Hence you are asking him to calculate the total cost of the candies mentioning that the price of each candy is $.5. Now, it’s upon him to get 10 extra candies for solving this problem.

Seems pretty easy right? To make it easier for your champ, look at the following image. I have divided the 50 candies into five groups. Now, calculate the cost for each group by multiplying the candy price by 10.

As there are five groups, your kiddos need to multiply 10s five times. After getting all the results just add them and tada! You must give the extra candies as promised before.

Finding out Buying Price of 50 Candies by Multiplication


Activity 4. Counting Leaves and Branches Game

It is a month of spring and you and your little champ have gone to a park. Now looking at the trees full of leaves you thought of the following game.

To count the leaves of a single branch and find the total leaves of two or three branches with the same amount of leaves by multiplying.

Determining Number of Leaves through Multiplying


Activity 5. Making a Puzzle Game

Now that they have experienced what happens after multiplying by 10s, it is time for some practice. These fun boxes or puzzles are a fun way for children to get in a little extra multiplying by 10s.

And you are also throwing in some grid work!!! If you look at the first empty box in this picture you will see that the number above it is a 50 and the number to the left is a 20.

These two numbers are the numbers our students get to multiply. And since 50 x 20 = 100, we write 100 in the first box. Now we move to the second box.

The nine is above it, and the 20 is to the left…so we multiply 20 x 9 And we get to do the same for the bottom two boxes. 50 x 1 = 50 9 x 1 = 9

Some Example of Multiplication by Multiples of 10


A Little Challenge for Our Youngsters

Now this puzzle requires a little division…and a little more thought process. All of these problem will test your knowledge of multiplying by 10s.

  1. First, we get our kiddos to do an easy problem. 60 x 80 and write 480 in the correct box.
  2. Next, we get into our division. We see that our product will be 360 and one of the factors will be 60. So we can ask our children 60 x ___ = 360 or 360 divided by 60 equals what? (If needed, get out those base ten blocks again and let them count out 36 tens, and then put 60 in a group. It is easy to see that there are six groups, so 60 x 6= 360. The six goes above 360.
  3. Now, we don’t know what to multiply the six by, so we have to figure out what 560 divided by 8 is. That answer is 70, so we can put the 70 underneath the 60.
  4. Finally, we get to do the last empty box. 70 x 6 = 420.

Some Difficult Problems that Need to be Solved Strategically

I hope your children enjoy these boxes as they practice multiplying by 10s. These worksheets don’t require any prep. Just simply print and go.


Download This Free Printable PDF

In the above discussion, I have discussed various activities, practices and games regarding multiplying by 10s. I hope these activities will help your young champ to enhance his skill regarding these types of multiplication problems. Below is the free multiplying by 10s worksheet. You can download this practice sheet by clicking on the download button and printing it from your device.

Please feel free to give any feedback regarding this article. Also, if your little one is having trouble doing these activities, let us know in the comment section. Enjoy!

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