It was a simple question. One I was sure he would know the answer to. Yet there he stood, giving me that look. The look that means I have no clue, and I don’t remember where to start to figure it out.
With that look, I knew we needed to step back and spend some time on this concept. He needed to know how to make 10. Needed to know what expressions equal 10, and if he couldn’t remember he needed to remember how to use his strategies.
Knowing all that we needed to accomplish I created six activities for him to work on throughout the week. Six activities that would be fun and engaging, but let him practice over and over the expressions that equal 10.
Here’s what we did.
I love 10 frames. They are an awesome way for children to learn number recognition, and help them begin to develop subtilizing skills. When a child is able to subtilize, they have the ability to quickly tell how many there are.
With repeated exposure to ten frame students can go from quickly recognizing a number, to figuring out simple expressions.
With this in mind, I started off the week having my kindergartner fill in 10 frames with two different pictures and create equations. Not only is this a great hands on way to work on making 10, but it served as a reference guide for him too.
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This activity required some prep work, but my kindergartner had fun with it…and we have already done them numerous times.
The children have a simple goal of creating puzzles that equal 10. My little man started by putting one side of all the puzzles together. Next, he would count the pictures on the side he connected, for example, he would count the four acorns. Then he would begin looking for a picture that had six objects on it. At first he used his 10 frames to help him solve, then I taught him how to count up (love how This Reading Mama teaches it) and toward the end of them week he was able to do many of them from memory.
Equal or Not Equal To 10
Unfortunately, this is another activity that requires a little prep work. I printed off the leaves on card stock, glued the trees into a file folder, and laminated everything.
This center is now ready for multiple uses and is uncomplicated. If an expression equal 10, then they put that leaf on the tree that says equal 10. If the expression does not equal 10, well it goes on the other tree.
Which Pumpkin Equals 10?
Ready for an activity that only requires a crayon? This activity is similar to the tree center. The children color in the pumpkins that equal 10 to make their way through the maze of pumpkins. It is an easy, independent activity that lets you know if your students are starting to recognize the expression that make 10, or if more work is needed.
Making 10 Game
Want a simple game to be able to pull out to keep the making 10 expressions fresh? This game is also a no-prep game…which is nice after cutting out leaves and puzzles!
Simply print the game, grab a die, LEGO, or other stacking cubes, and you are ready to play.
- Players stack up two blocks and then roll the die. They move up that many spaces.
- If they land on a space that equals 10, they made add a block.
- If they land on a space that does not equal 10, they remove a block.
- If they land on a picture, they do nothing.
- If they run out of blocks they must start back at the beginning with two blocks.
- When all players reach the end space, the player with the most blocks win.
Number bonds are a very important skill and allows children to begin to make mathematical connections. After a week of working on making 10, there were a lot of connections that had been made. Now was the time for my little kindergartner to prove what connections he had made….And I will brag on him a moment and say he did an awesome job.
Other Number Bonds Activities
I wish I could say that after a week of doing this, my little kindergartner is spouting off all the equations for 10. He has definitely mastered some, but expressions like 7 + 3 are still tripping him up. The game, puzzles, and equal or not equal trees are stored in an accordion file close by, and they will be pulled once or twice a week. I know that before long my little man will be able to rattle off all the equations for making 10, and so will your little kiddos too.
You’ve Got This
Get All 6 Activities at my Teachers Pay Teachers Store
Or get these plus more adding and subtracting activities for Kindergarten students here.
Get your FREE number puzzle HERE.
Other Fun Fall Learning Activities:
Fall Memory Cards from Schooling a Monkey
Fall Fun For Kindergarten from The Printable Princess
Free Fall Printables from The Kindergarten Connection